On August 3, 2009, U.S. District Court Judge Martin L.C. Feldman issued an order and reasons ruling on cross motions for summary judgment. Judge Feldman's order upheld most of the challenged provisions of the Louisiana advertising rules scheduled to go into effect on October 1, 2009, while also denying the defendants' motion to dismiss. Washington D.C.-based Public Citizen, Inc. and lawyers Morris Bart, William N. Gee III and Scott G. Wolfe, Jr. sued the Louisiana Attorney Disciplinary Board, its chair and its chief disciplinary counsel to block enforcement of the Rules claiming that they were unconstitutional.
Citing the U.S. Supreme Court in Edenfield v. Fane, the Court stated, "The State may not by scatter-shot condemn lawyer advertising, but does indeed have a substantial interest in addressing the ethical standards of the profession, as well as in preventing public confusion or deception."In its 39-page Order, the Court upheld:
Rule 7.2 (c) (1) (D) - References to Testimonials of Past ResultsThe Court stated that "reference to past results, even if truthful,...could... be inherently misleading."
Rule 7.2 (c) (1) (E) - Communications that Promise ResultsThe Court said "prohibition of communications that promise results regulates only speech that is inherently misleading."
Rule 7.2 (c) (1) (J) - Portrayal of a Judge or JuryThe Court said it agreed that "portrayal of a judge or jury in an ad is inherently misleading." It further stated "such material simply conveys an untrue message. It is compellingly misleading."
Rule 7.2 (c) (1) (L) - Use of Mottos that State or Imply An Ability to Obtain ResultsThe Court found that this provision "materially advances the State's interest in preventing deception of the public, and is narrowly tailored to achieve those ends."
Rule 7.2 (c) (1) (I) - Non-Authentic ScenesThe Court cited Zauderer, which held that "an advertizer's (sic) rights are adequately protected as long as the disclosure requirements are reasonably related to the State's interest in preventing deception of consumers." The Court stated "such dramatizations are in and of themselves capable of unintended guile or delusion."
Rule 7.2(c)(10) - Disclosures and DisclaimersFurther citing Zauderer, the Court stated that "the written disclaimer requirements of Rule 7.2(c)(10)" do not violate the First Amendment and "this Court believes such disclaimers would have a beneficial purpose."
Rule 7.2(c)(11) and Rule 7.6(c)(3) - Payment by Non-Advertising Lawyer and Electronic Mail CommunicationsThe Court noted that the plaintiffs did not address these Rules in their motion for summary judgment, "thus, their attack does not reach those Rules."
Finding a lack of evidentiary support, Judge Feldman struck down the additional disclosure requirements for a non-lawyer spokesperson under Rule 7.5(b)(2)(C) and also struck down Rule 7.6(d), and Rule 7.7 as it applies to the filing requirements for Internet advertising.
To review the court's order go to this link: